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I recognized four sex/a long time: males, nonreproductive people, reproductive ladies, and you will cubs

I recognized four sex/a long time: males, nonreproductive people, reproductive ladies, and you will cubs

We understood personal jaguars predicated on novel room models (Gold et al. 2004). Cubs integrated without a doubt younger and young some body registered which have adult people. We categorized women once the reproductive whenever they was basically registered which have cubs at any section for the data 12 months, so that as nonreproductive, whenever they was never submitted which have cubs. I managed presence off cubs given that a target criterion having proof off reproduction. Class away from breeding otherwise non happened ongoing for your study months. Regardless if basic, we believe that it class justified from the a lot of time reproductive course regarding lady jaguars (i.e., 3 months gestation and you will 17 weeks care of cubs) and you can long (3–4 years) time for you earliest reproduction (Crawshaw and you can Quigley 1991; De- Paula mais aussi al. 2013). I make the expectation you to definitely reproductive women look after their territories for long stretches (i.age., years) and people brief-identity experience (i.e., shedding cubs) won’t changes their territory proportions. Furthermore, i fundamentally recorded more mature cubs (>3 months dated), which could has actually lasted new believed early peak when you look at the teenager mortality documented various other highest carnivores (Jedrzejewska et al. 1996; Palo). New identity techniques was performed from the several experts alone (MFP and you can MA) and you may affirmed from the a third (WJ). Unidentifiable captures were excluded of further analyses.